Sustainable Biomass Energy
Fuel wood and charcoal are blamed as the causes of deforestation. Fuel wood, the most primitive way of energy has low combustion efficiency. Combustion efficiency is measured how well the wood burning device is converting the wood into useable heat. Traditionally, fuel wood was collected from the environment mostly by women and children. These days in Kenya, the price of fuel wood have been increased even on the countryside. Charcoal is a residue of solid organic matter that results from incomplete carbonization by heat in the absence of air at temperature above 300C°. Methods of charcoal making affects the yield and quality of charcoal. Traditional kiln depletes approximately 0.1 hectares of woodland for every ton of charcoal produced whereas most efficient kilns would require only 0.05 hectares to produce the same quantity of charcoal, making a 50% saving.
Charcoal briquettes from charcoal dust created during production, transportation and distribution – amounting to roughly 25% of total original charcoal volume. Nakuru County is spear heading the sustainable charcoal production and commercialization. Makaa dot com, produced by the Nakuru Water and Sanitation Company is made with charcoal dust, combine with human waste, sew dust, and molasses.
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Sustainable Bioenergy Forum East Africa is managed by Ezygas and Consulting Nairobi, Kenya